The Act CXCI of 2011 on the benefits for persons with changed working capacity and amendments of certain acts entered into force on 1st January 2012.

Act CXCI has been adopted by the Parliament with the purpose of ensuring the social reintegration, employment and employment-focused rehabilitation based on remaining and improvable capacities of those with changed working capacity, and towards income substitution of the missing income.

In accordance with this Act, disability pensions, accident-related disability pensions, rehabilitation annuities, regular social annuities for persons with ill-health, temporary invalidity annuities and health damage annuities for miners are not be awardable from 1st January 2012.

Persons eligible to benefits for persons with changed working capacity are those whose state of health – i.e. such state of a person’s physical, mental and social well-being that occurred due to illnesses or injuries or that can be identified as permanent or terminal setbacks caused by congenital abnormalities – is assessed by the complex assessment of the rehabilitation authority at 60 per cent or less (hereinafter referred to as ‘person with changed working capacity’) and who

  • a)    had been insured for at least 1095 days within 5 years before submitting the claim,
  • b)    has not been performing any gainful activity neither in Hungary, nor abroad, and
  • c)    does not receive any regular cash benefits – i.e. any benefits defined as regular cash benefits in the Act on Social Administration and Social Benefits; excluding benefits for war veterans and their relatives or those for wards of the nation, supplements for national commitment, nursing fees, survivors’ benefits, and the same types of such benefits disbursed by a foreign authority pursuant to international agreements on social security and EC regulations.


A person may be entitled to benefit for persons with changed working capacity regardless of the length of insurance period provided that

  • a)    they became insured within 180 days after finishing their studies and as such, they had been insured without a break of more than 30 days before submitting the claim, or
  • b)    they received disability pension, accident-related disability pension, rehabilitation annuity or any pension-type benefits for persons with ill-health on 31st December 2011.


1095 days shall include the period of sick pay after the termination of insurance, work accident sick pay, pregnancy-confinement benefit, child care fee, job-seeker allowance, disability pension, accident-related disability pension, rehabilitation annuity, pension-type benefits for persons with ill-health and benefits for persons with changed working capacity.

Depending on the motion for rehabilitation determined in the course of complex assessment by the National Rehabilitation and Social Authority (hereinafter referred to as NORSA), benefits for persons with changed working capacity are:

  • a)    rehabilitation benefit, or
  • b)    disability benefit.



NORSA shall assess in the course of complex assessment whether a person with changed working capacity, who

  • a)    could be rehabilitated, and hereunder
  •       aa) and his/her employability may be recovered by rehabilitation, or
  •       ab) needs permanent work rehabilitation;
  • b)    to whom rehabilitation is not recommended, and thereunder
  •       ba) whose employability could be recovered regarding his/her state of health, however work rehabilitation is not recommended due to other circumstances,
  •       bb) who needs permanent rehabilitation regarding his/her state of health, however work rehabilitation is not recommended due to other circumstances,
  •       bc) can be employed only by constant support, or
  •       bd) has significant health damage and is not able to self-supply at all or only with others’ help.


With regard to the implementation of the relevant Act, rehabilitation refers to a complex system of medical, social, training, employment and other activities, the aim of which is to reintegrate persons with changed working capacity to the labour market, to prepare them for employment in a suitable work place and to ensure their employments in the suitable work place concerning their working capacity.

A person with changed working capacity is entitled to

  • -    rehabilitation benefit, if he/she could be rehabilitated,
  • -    disability benefit, in such cases where rehabilitation is not recommended if he/she could not be rehabilitated, and the time missing before reaching retirement age does not exceed 5 years.


I. Under rehabilitation benefit, a person with changed working capacity is entitled to

  • -    the necessary services required for the purpose of a successful rehabilitation, and
  • -    cash benefit.


Any person receiving rehabilitation benefit shall cooperate with the rehabilitation authority and thus meet the requirements defined in the rehabilitation plan.

The rehabilitation benefit may be provided from the date of meeting eligibility criteria, with the date of submitting the claim deemed as the earliest date, to the length required for rehabilitation, but for the duration of maximum 3 years from the commencement of disbursement.

Regarding beneficiaries performing gainful activity, the length of the rehabilitation benefit is extended with the length of incapacity emerged during the earning activity (considering which, the eligibility to sick pay or to work accident sick pay can be acquired).

The payment of the rehabilitation cash benefit shall be suspended in cases where the person involved performs gainful activity, participates in community employment or is not able to perform gainful activity.

The rehabilitation cash benefit paid for any respective period shall be deducted from the benefit provided for the  period commencing after the month of  notice on the fulfilment of any conditions or shall be reclaimed in case of termination of the rehabilitation benefit.   

The monthly sum of the rehabilitation cash benefit amounts to,

  • -    with regard to such eligible persons who can be rehabilitated, 35 per cent of the average monthly income – i.e. the average monthly income deemed as thirtyfold the daily average sum of the income serving as the basic income of health care contribution in cash and as one reached in the calendar year directly before the commencement date of eligibility; if the eligible person has not acquired an income of at least 180 calendar days, thirtyfold of the daily average sum of the daily income of 180 calendar days directly before the commencement of eligibility –, but at least 30 per cent and the maximum of 40 per cent of the minimum wage,
  • -    with regard to persons who require permanent work rehabilitation, 45 per cent of the average monthly income, but at least 40 per cent and the maximum of 50 per cent of the minimum wage.


Rehabilitation benefit shall be increased according to the provisions on indexation of pensions.

Rehabilitation benefit shall be terminated in cases when

  • -    upon the eligible person claim,
  • -    the length of such person’s benefit has terminated,
  • -    receives other regular cash benefits, excluding sick pay and work accident sick pay disbursed regarding incapacity,
  • -    has suffered from permanent deterioration in the state of health which exclude the possibility of rehabilitation,
  • -    has reached permanent imporvement in the state of health due to which they may no longer be classified as persons with changed working capacity, 
  • -    does not meet the requirements determined in the cooperation, notification or rehabilitation plan for reasons within their control,
  • -    does not cooperate in the course of a review for reasons within their control, or
  • -    their employment had been established without any legal statements required for the establishment of such legal relationships.

Within 15 days, a person receiving such benefit shall notify that

  • -    permanent improvement or permanent deterioration has emerged in the state of health,
  • -    performs gainful activity, or
  • -    if his/her gainful  activity has terminated.


II. Disability benefit may be provided from the date of meeting the eligibility criteria, with the first day of the sixth month before the date of submitting the claim deemed as the earliest date.

Depending on the statements made within the course of complex assessment, the amount of disability benefit is 40, 60, 65, 70 % of the average monthly income, but at least 30, 45, 50, 55% and the maximum of 45, 150% of the minimum wage.

Disability benefit shall be increased according to the provisions on indexation of pensions.

Disability benefit shall be terminated in cases where the eligible person

  • -    claims,
  • -    receives other regular cash benefits, excluding sick pay and work accident sick pay disbursed regarding incapacity,
  • -    has reached permanent improvement in the state of health due to which they do not meet eligibility criteria,
  • -    performs gainful activity and the monthly average of his/her income regarding 3 following months respectively exceeds 150% of the minimum wage,
  • -    his/her employment had been established without any legal statements required for the establishment of such legal relationships,
  • -    does not fulfil the obligation to notification for reasons within their control, or
  • -    does not cooperate in the course of a review for reasons within their control.


Within 15 days, a person receiving such benefit shall notify that

  • -    there has been a change in his circumstances relevant to eligibility criteria, or
  • -    performs gainful activity and the monthly average of his/her income regarding 3 following months respectively exceeds 150% of the minimum wage. The amount of income shall be verified with such notification at once.


III. Benefits for persons with changed working capacity can be claimed via relevant forms at the rehabilitation authority being competent of your residence in Hungary. If you are not Hungarian resident your claim can be lodged at the competent institution of the EU country or of the country with which Hungary has concluded bilateral social security agreement you are residing. The procedure is exempt from duties and charges.

The applicant may be obliged to personal attendance at the complex assessment procedure. Provided that the applicant fails to fulfil this obligation voluntarily, the procedure shall be terminated.

In the course of complex assessment, the NORSA shall examine the percentage of the applicant’s state of health, the accessibility to rehabilitation and in the latter case; it shall determine a motion for rehabilitation.

Disability and rehabilitation benefits are paid by the Pension Payment Directorate.